Rwanda Overview

Rwanda’s landscapes have earned it the name of the Land of a Thousand Hills.

Modest in size with 26,338 square kilometers, the country is densely populated with 12.3 million inhabitants. Seventy percent of Rwanda’s population is under 30 years old. Although Rwanda is located near the equator, the country enjoys a climate with moderate temperatures ranging between 24 ℃ and 27 ℃ , and its altitude varies between 1,000 and 4,507 meters above sea level.


Rwanda is located on the borders of East and Central Africa. It is part of both the East African Community and the Economic Community of Central African States. It is a landlocked country surrounded by Uganda, Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Burundi. It shares Lake Kivu with DRC.

Almost all Rwandans speak the national language, Kinyarwanda, and the country has three other official languages, English, French, and Swahili.

Over the past two decades, the country has experienced political and social stability supported by strong economic growth. Rwanda is recognized for the quality of its governance and the important role played by women in the life of the nation.

Practical Information


Rwanda has an excellent mobile phone network covering almost the entire country, and international calls can be made easily.

The country is among the top three African countries in terms of internet connectivity, with an ever-growing fibre optic network.

Getting Here

Airlines servicing Kigali International Airport are: RwandAir, Kenya Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, Brussels Airlines, KLM, Qatar Airways and Turkish Airlines.

Helicopter transfers within Rwanda are available through Akagera Aviation.


Known as the land of a thousand hills, Rwanda has five volcanoes, 23 lakes and numerous rivers. The country covers 10,169 square miles or 26,338 square kilometres.

Much of the country lies at elevations between 1,500m and 2,500m. The highest peak is Mount Karisimbi at 4,507m and the lowest point is the Rusizi river at 950m above sea level.

The terrain is often uneven and sensible shoes are essential.

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